Navigating the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: Charles Michel’s Diplomatic Mission and the Road to Peace

Charles Michel, the President of the European Council, embarked on a diplomatic mission to Yerevan and Baku on September 13, 2023, where he engaged with the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan to address the protracted Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

During his visit, Michel expressed his disappointment with both Moscow’s stance on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and Baku’s recent actions in the region.

Michel reaffirmed the European Union’s commitment to assisting Armenia and Azerbaijan in achieving a peaceful resolution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict revolves around a territorial dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan concerning the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Presently, this region is under the de facto control of the Republic of Artsakh, a self-declared state unrecognized by any United Nations member state.

The conflict has endured since the early 1990s, resulting in substantial casualties and the displacement of numerous individuals.

Russia has played a substantial role in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, acting as a military ally to Armenia and supplying military aid. Furthermore, Russia has been engaged in mediation efforts between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

In recent months, Baku’s actions have escalated tensions in the region, including the deployment of Azerbaijani troops to the Armenian border, shelling of Armenian villages, and the blockade of the Lachin corridor, the sole road linking Armenia to Nagorno-Karabakh.

The European Union has been actively involved in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict since the 1990s, offering financial and humanitarian support to the region. Additionally, the EU has played a role in mediating discussions between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

Charles Michel’s visit to Yerevan and Baku aimed to rekindle the peace process between the two nations. During his meetings with their leaders, he advocated for a resumption of negotiations.

Michel’s disappointment with Moscow stemmed from Russia’s perceived reluctance to pressure Baku into ceasing its aggressive actions and returning to the negotiation table. He also criticized Baku for its recent actions, which have exacerbated tensions and complicated the pursuit of a peaceful settlement.

In conclusion, Charles Michel’s visit to Yerevan and Baku represents a positive step in addressing the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Nevertheless, significant challenges remain before a peaceful resolution can be achieved. The European Union must remain actively engaged in the process and exert pressure on both Armenia and Azerbaijan to resume negotiations. Additionally, holding Russia accountable for its role in the conflict is imperative.

Additional Considerations:

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a complex and protracted issue that lacks a straightforward solution. Nonetheless, continued efforts toward a peaceful settlement are essential.

The European Union possesses the experience and resources necessary to facilitate dialogue and compromise between the involved parties. It should also work towards holding Russia accountable for its actions in the conflict, as Russia has played a significant role in hindering peace efforts.

Ultimately, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a tragic situation, and it is crucial to remember the suffering of its victims while striving for a peaceful resolution.

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